Unlocking the Potential for Groundwater for the Poor (UPGro)

children at water pump

Unlocking the Potential of Groundwater for the Poor (UPGro), is a seven-year international research programme which is jointly funded by UK's Department for International Development (DFID), Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and in principle the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). It focuses on improving the evidence base around groundwater availability and management in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to enable developing countries and partners in SSA to use groundwater in a sustainable way in order to benefit the poor.

UPGro projects will be interdisciplinary, linking the social and natural sciences to address this challenge. They will be delivered through collaborative partnerships of the world's best researchers. The programme's success will be measured by the way that its research generates new knowledge which can be used to benefit the poor in a sustainable manner.

Announcement of Opportunity: UPGro Consortium Grants 2014 (Full proposals)

Closing date: 19 Jun

3 Apr 2014

Full proposals are requested from invited applicants for the second stage of the Unlocking the Potential for Groundwater for the Poor in sub-Saharan Africa (UPGro) 2014 Consortium Grants call funded by DFID, NERC and ESRC

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Water resources are critical to economic growth and social development. Groundwater provides most of the domestic water supply in parts of rural Africa and supports poverty reduction through access to clean drinking water and irrigation[1]. At present only 19 of the 50 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are on track to meet the UN Millennium Development Goals target for drinking-water provision. Groundwater has the potential to provide an improved source of drinking water for those in SSA who are currently without access. It is also a relatively safe source of water for drinking and agriculture/livestock - it is naturally protected from contamination, so is generally of excellent quality and needs no treatment.

Yet water is not only an important resource for the poor living in rural SSA, but is also central to most industries and a vital commodity for tourism. Industry is an important source of income for several African countries and a lack of water supply could constrain opportunities for development, including better services and improvements to poor people's livelihoods. Groundwater sources are often resistant to drought, acting as a natural buffer against rainfall variability. However, groundwater is already intensively used in certain parts of Africa and in some cases it is being extracted faster than it can be replenished. As the population grows, water security in SSA will become increasingly important and demands on groundwater resources are likely to surge. To ensure sustainability, greater understanding of groundwater resources and how to manage their use effectively will be required.

A recent study on groundwater in Africa has shown that there is possibly 20 times more water available as groundwater compared with that available in lakes and rivers[2]. Droughts are currently a major cause of humanitarian disaster in SSA, often leading to mass population movements and considerable health, social and economic stress on many developing nations. These humanitarian disasters are likely to grow in scale as populations increase and climate and land-use change accelerate. With these increasing pressures on water resources, the potential pressure on groundwater as the solution to the water security challenge in SSA is high.

Without addressing some of the core gaps in the evidence and data, it will be hard to identify and manage the full implications of increased groundwater use. Abstraction of groundwater could accelerate out of control and bring with it some of the harm experienced in other regions. The sinking of bore holes is likely to remain ad-hoc and costly without data to help guide their placement and management of how much can be extracted, so the likelihood remains that boreholes and hand-pumps may fail after limited use.

To maximise the sustainable use of groundwater for the benefit of the poor and reduce the risk of damage to the environment, a number of questions need to be asked, such as:

  • Where is the groundwater, how and at what rate is it recharged, and how can it be more effectively and efficiently abstracted to meet local needs?
  • What is the state of the resource - quality and quantity - and how will it respond to abstraction, impact of growing population, climate change etc.?
  • What management and institutional arrangements are needed to support this access in an inclusive and sustainable way, and in particular to reach the poorest and most marginalised groups?

  1. Hunter et al. 2010. Water Supply and Health PLoS Med7 (11): e1000361
  2. MacDonald et al. 2012. Quantitative maps of groundwater resources in Africa. Environ. Res. Lett. 7. 024009


2012 - 2019

Can I apply for a grant?

No, there are no current grant funding opportunities for this programme.


This programme has a budget of £12 million over seven years.

Programme awards

Award details are shown in our online grants browser - Grants on the Web.

View details of funded applications - external link

The following documents and links are related to or give more information about this programme.

The UPGro Knowledge Broker, Skat, has produced a flyer summarising the UPGro programme.

UPGro flyer (PDF, 2.1MB)

UPGro 2014 Consortium Grants Full Proposals - Workshop 13 May 2014, The Cumberland Hotel, London

A one-day guidance workshop for those projects invited to submit a full proposal to the 2014 Consortium Grants Call was held in May in Central London. The purpose of the workshop was to provide the applicants with further details on the requirements and expectations of the UPGro programme; to provide an opportunity for those proceeding to the Full Proposal stage to raise any questions with the funder; and to meet the programme's Knowledge Broker. Additionally, this provided a networking opportunity between the proposal teams.

Workshop agenda (PDF, 147KB)

Workshop attendees (PDF, 144KB)

Six presentations were given at the workshop:

UPGro Programme Overview and Scope of the Call) (PDF, 178KB) - Dr Ruth Kelman, NERC

DFID's Requirements for the UPGro Programme (PDF, 173KB) - Gemma Tanner, DFID

Knowledge Broker: Welcome and Introduction to our Activities (PDF, 1.6MB) - Dr Kerstin Danert, SKAT

UPGro Africa Groundwater Atlas (PDF, 1.1MB) - Dr Alan MacDonald and Brighid Ó Dochartaigh, BGS

Data Management Expectations for UPGro (PDF, 2.1MB) - Rod Bowie, National Geoscience Data Centre

NERC Application and Assessment Processes (PDF, 204KB) - Dr Lizzie Garratt, NERC