Joint Programming Initiative & ERA-NETs
Joint Programming Initiatives
Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs) are a concept introduced by the European Commission in July 2008 as one of five initiatives aimed at implementing the European Research Area (ERA). The concept intends to tackle the grand societal challenges that cannot be solved solely at a national level. They facilitate joint planning, implementation and evaluation of national research programmes among European Member States.
Ten JPIs have been launched and NERC provides the UK Research & Innovation lead for the first three detailed below and is involved with the fourth, which is led by BBSRC:
- JPI Healthy & Productive Seas & Oceans - external link
- JPI Connecting Climate Knowledge for Europe - external link
- JPI Water Challenges for a Changing World - external link
- JPI Agriculture, Food Security & Climate Change - external link
The objective of the European Commission's ERA-NET scheme - external link - is to support coordination of national and regional research programmes of European member states, through joint activities or joint calls for trans-national proposals.
Under the ERA-NET scheme, national and regional authorities identify research programmes they wish to coordinate or open up mutually. The participants in these actions are therefore programme 'owners' (typically ministries or regional authorities defining research programmes) or programme 'managers' (such as research councils or other research funding agencies managing research programmes).
The ERA-NET under Horizon 2020 merges the former ERA-NET and ERA-NET Plus under Framework Programme 7 (FP7) into a single instrument with the central and compulsory element of implementing one substantial call with top-up funding from the Commission.
NERC Head Office is involved with the ERA-NET Cofund for Climate Services under Horizon 2020.