Reducing the Impacts of Plastic Waste in Developing Countries
Plastic waste is polluting the land, rivers and seas, impacting the health and wellbeing of both people and the environment, particularly in developing countries. The aim of the Reducing the Impacts of Plastic Waste in Developing Countries programme is to support the interdisciplinary research needed to understand the risks plastic pollution poses in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) and to explore which interventions, policies and regulations can mitigate these risks. Research to develop new forms of plastic or alternatives to plastic is out of scope for this programme. The outputs of the research will support economic growth and societal wellbeing by enabling a cleaner and more resilient and productive environment.
This programme is led by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) on behalf of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) under the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF), a key component in the delivery of the UK Aid Strategy: tackling global challenges in the national interest.
Where appropriate, projects funded through this call will be considered part of the UK contribution to the Commonwealth Marine Plastics Research and Innovation Framework, which aims to provide a platform and overarching structure for bringing together governments, industry, researchers and practitioners from across the Commonwealth to work together to tackle this global issue.
5 Nov 2019
NERC, on behalf of UKRI, invites proposals for international, interdisciplinary, collaborative research projects under the UKRI GCRF Reducing the Impacts of Plastic Waste in Developing Countries call.
Since they were invented in the early 20th century synthetic plastics have been revolutionary; they have changed the way we live and are now an essential part of everyday life and embedded in the global economy. Across societies, our relationship with plastics has been shaped by various cultural, social and economic factors, notably in regard to the low cost, diverse uses and the utility of the broad range of plastics now available. The ubiquity and durability of plastics has significant consequences, however, with huge amounts of plastic waste generated globally to date and a large proportion of this accumulated in landfills or released into the natural environment.
While we now know that plastics are present in all parts of the earth surface system and there is increasing concern about the risks plastic waste poses to the environment, and consequently society, the impacts of plastic pollution are poorly understood. This lack of reliable evidence on the impacts of plastic pollution hampers the development of policies and interventions that will reduce the negative impacts of the current plastic waste burden, and makes it more challenging to develop alternatives to current plastics that do not create similar problems.
The volume of plastics entering the environment is greatest in LMICs. High Income Countries use the most plastics, but regulation and waste management systems limit the release of plastics into the environment to some extent in those countries, whereas LMICs often lack robust waste management systems and are rapidly adopting Western consumption patterns. LMICs may also be importing plastic waste from other countries. LMICS are therefore both most vulnerable to the problems created by plastic pollution, and the greatest contributors to the global plastic pollution burden, and understanding the developing world context is a key element of tackling plastic pollution.
Reducing plastic pollution in LMICs is not straightforward, however, and requires understanding of plastic pollution from production to disposal to develop workable solutions. This means taking account of the myriad of local, national and international factors that contribute to plastic pollution such as: approaches to waste management (including access to innovative technology), supply chains, how plastics behave in different environments, social and cultural attitudes and behaviours regarding plastic use, disposal and plastic pollution, economic drivers, and the legal, governance and regulatory context. Importantly, the trade-offs between reducing pollution and development must be considered to ensure that actions to reduce plastic pollution enable and do not restrict equitable, sustainable growth.
The aim of this programme is to support the interdisciplinary research needed to understand the risks plastic pollution poses in LMICs and to explore which interventions, policies and regulations can mitigate these risks. The outputs of the research will support economic growth and societal wellbeing by enabling a cleaner and more resilient and productive environment.
This programme will address the following themes:
- Sources and drivers of plastic pollution.
- Impacts of plastic pollution.
- Intervention, mitigation and adaptation in response to plastic pollution.
As the focus is on understanding and managing the risks associated with the current plastic waste in LMICs, research to develop new forms of plastic or alternatives to plastic is out of scope for this programme.
The projects funded through this programme will be interdisciplinary and include the range of expertise (e.g. from the arts and humanities, economics and social, engineering, physical, environmental and life sciences) needed to deliver the integrated cross-sectoral research required to increase understanding of, and mitigate against, the risks plastic pollution poses in LMICs. A key goal of the programme is to develop realistic and feasible solutions that will enable a reduction in plastic pollution. Interventions, strategies and approaches to tackling plastic pollution in LMICs will therefore be co-developed with relevant local stakeholders.
2020 – 2024
Can I apply for a grant?
A call for proposals is open until 17 March 2020.
This programme has a budget of £20 million.